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  • Trump announces to develop state of the art missile system:-Donald Trump, the 45th President of the US, has announced to end cut in military budget implemented by the previous Obama administration and said it would develop a state-of-the-art missile system, rebuild the military, and develop offensive cyber capabilities. ...
  • China appoints new navy chief:-China has appointed Vice-Admiral Shen Jinlong as the new naval chief as Asia's largest navy rapidly expands its fleet amid tensions over its assertiveness in the disputed South China Sea....
  • Modi addresses top military commanders at combine conference:-Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi addressed top military commanders here during which he is understood to have outlined his vision on security challenges before the country....
  • India, UAE hold first strategic dialogue:-India and the UAE held their first strategic dialogue during which they finalised the Strategic Cooperation Agreement aimed at expanding bilateral cooperation to new key areas including energy, defence and security that will be signed during the visit of Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi next week....

Introduction

Even though missiles are believed to be modern weapon systems, there are innumerable references in epics to weapons that were of similar nature. The Mahabharat and Ramayan contain innumerable references to weapon systems that were similar to today's missiles.

In modern day parlance a powered guided munitions is called a missile. It carries a warhead and is propelled by rockets, or engines using turbofan, ramjet or turbojet technology.

There are primarily two different types of modern missiles: ballistic missiles and cruise missiles. Ballistic missiles are ammunition that follows a ballistic trajectory, while cruise missiles are ammunition that generates lift and has a high of level accuracy. The ballistic missile is an area weapon, while a cruise missile is a target specific weapon.

Besides references in Ramayan and Mahabharat, there are other fables and histories from other parts of the world where weapon systems that are similar to today's missiles find reference. In the first century after the Christ, aeolipile (the ball of Aeolus, the Greek god of wind) was invented by Hero of Alexandria. It was a rocket like engine.

In 12th century AD, there are references from China about rockets. A few centuries later, references about rockets can be also found in the 'Great Art of Artillery' by Kazimierz Siemienowicz published in the Netherlands.

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