Headlines
  • Wassenaar Arrangement decides to make India its member:-In a significant development, elite export control regime Wassenaar Arrangement (WA) on Thursday decided to admit India as its new member, which is expected to raise New Delhi's stature in the field of non-proliferation besides helping it acquire critical technologies....
  • India's chances 'very good' on Wassenaar membership: Russia:-India is likely to get the membership of the Wassenaar Arrangement on Thursday, one of the key export control regimes that deal with non-proliferation, if everything goes well, Russia's Deputy Foreign Minister Sergey Ryabkov said on Wednesday....
  • Akash test-fired successfully:-India on Tuesday successfully test-fired Akash its supersonic surface-to-air missile with indigenous radio frequency seeker from a test range in Odisha, officials said....
  • Planet to launch 4 satellites on board India's PSLV-C40:-Planet Labs Inc, a US-based integrated aerospace and data analytics company, has said four of its Dove satellites will be launched aboard India's PSLV-C40 mission, scheduled to fly in January next year. ...

Tipu's Rockets

Many believe that Tipu Sultan (1750-1799), the ruler of Mysore who terrified the British and hostile Indian kingdoms, is the first one in modern history to use rocket brigades and to significantly increase the range of rockets by making them out of iron tubes. In his military manual, Fathul Mujahidin, he prescribes 200 rocket men for each brigade of the Mysore Army. With an iron tube, packed with black powder, a rocket with a pound of powder could travel over 1000 yards. The original rockets of Tipu are still on display in Woolwich Museum Artillery in London, and exact replica can be seen at the museum in the BrahMos Aerospace headquarters in New Delhi.

The effect of Tipu's rocket artillery on the British during the Mysore wars led William Congreve to develop own rocket designs, which was called Congreve Rocket. In the Napoleonic Wars, these Congreve rockets were highly effective.

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