Headlines
  • Chandrayaan 2 successfully enters orbit around Moon:-In a major milestone for India's Moon mission, the Chandrayaan-2 spacecraft successfully entered the lunar orbit on Tuesday. Lunar Orbit Insertion (LOI) maneuver was completed successfully at 0902 hours as planned, using the onboard propulsion system, the Bengaluru headquartered space agency said in a statement....
  • Pak Army chief Gen Bajwa gets three-year extension:-Pakistan Army chief General Qamar Javed Bajwa's term has been extended for another three years by Prime Minister Imran Khan in view of the "regional security environment", an official announcement said on Monday....
  • Indian Navy frigate INS Tarkash reaches port in Spain:-INS Tarkash, a state-of-the-art stealth frigate of the Indian Navy equipped with a versatile range of weapons, arrived in Spain on Monday for a three-day visit as part of Western Fleet Overseas Deployment, officials said....
  • Sri Lanka names controversial field commander as Army chief:-A controversial Sri Lankan field commander, accused of grave human rights abuses during the country's 26-year civil war, has been appointed the new Army Commander, the President's office announced Monday....

Tipu's Rockets

Many believe that Tipu Sultan (1750-1799), the ruler of Mysore who terrified the British and hostile Indian kingdoms, is the first one in modern history to use rocket brigades and to significantly increase the range of rockets by making them out of iron tubes. In his military manual, Fathul Mujahidin, he prescribes 200 rocket men for each brigade of the Mysore Army. With an iron tube, packed with black powder, a rocket with a pound of powder could travel over 1000 yards. The original rockets of Tipu are still on display in Woolwich Museum Artillery in London, and exact replica can be seen at the museum in the BrahMos Aerospace headquarters in New Delhi.

The effect of Tipu's rocket artillery on the British during the Mysore wars led William Congreve to develop own rocket designs, which was called Congreve Rocket. In the Napoleonic Wars, these Congreve rockets were highly effective.

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